Battle of fort henry and fort donelson a push book 3

Smiths book is by far the deepest and best operational and tactical treatment of the campaign and its battles. Fort henry, situated on the tennessee river, was a linchpin in confederate general albert sidney johnstons defense lines. This battle report tells the true story of the battle of fort donelson using civil war miniatures and the game command combat. At midnight on february 7th survivors of fort henry arrived at fort donelson. The fort was named after confederate general daniel s. On february 6, grant was ordered by general henry halleck to assault fort donelson immediately and capture it by february 8. The twin victories at forts henry and donelson were the first major union successes of the war and opened tennessee to union invasion. An analysis of the fort henryfort donelson campaign, february 1862 the american civil war hardcover. Battle of fort henry american civil war britannica. Grant landed his troops at fort henry and then, instead of waiting on the methodical but slow halleck, marched his small force overland to fort donelson, which protected the cumberland river. The capture of forts henry and donelson were major victories for grant. Grant and his army captured during an offensive to control the mississippi river, from u. Battle of fort henry, american civil war battle along the tennessee river that helped the union regain western and middle tennessee as well as most of kentucky.

Two battalions of troops were able to escape the fort before it was captured by the union. The big push to flee starvation, yankee prison camps, and the stigma of surrender had begun. The confederate river batteries fort donelson national. Fort heiman in nearby calloway county, kentucky, was a confederate battery in the battle of fort henry. Grants first victory outlines the battle of fort donelson and explains how it came about.

Grants operations against fort donelson lasted from february 11 to february 16, 1862. Jul 03, 2014 the forts of henry and donelson in tennessee were captured by union forced in february 1862 under general ulysses s. Fort henry, tennessee and cumberland, fort donelson. Following the battle of fort donelson union troops occupied the fort and town, but two attempts were made by confederate troops to retake it, once in mid1862 and a larger skirmish on february 3, 1863 known as the battle of dover. Louis, hung in the balance between slaveholding and non slaveholding elements. Battles of the civil war fort henry and fort donelson.

Exploring fort donelson in civil war books and games. The first thing he did on reaching the vicinity of donelson was to throw some five hundred men, under col. Discover delightful childrens books with prime book box, a subscription that delivers new. Floyd led a garrison of three divisions of about 16,000 infantry and cavalry. It was much larger, with a stronger garrison, about 100 feet above the river, and on a ridge which narrowed routes for infantry attack.

Battle of fort donelson, american civil war battle february 1862 that collapsed southern defenses in the midsouth and forced the evacuations of columbus, kentucky, and nashville, tennessee, as well as a general confederate retreat in kentucky. Grant, a native ohioan, led a union force that captured fort donelson from the confederacy. Flag officer andrew hull foote was in charge of the naval fleet at fort donelson. He knew fort henry was untenable but was determined to make a stand against the gunboats. The battle of fort donelson february 1116, 1862 was one of the unions. Command combat battle reports the battle of fort donelson. Another rebel fort on the ohio also fell with little fanfare.

Anniversary of the civil war battle of fort donelson confederate union fought february available on a variety of shirts, hats, mugs, bags, etc. This book presents one of the most detailed descriptions of the fort henry and fort donelson campaign. On february 6, 1862, grant and flag officer foote captured fort henry. An analysis of the fort henryfort donelson campaign, february 1862 as an etextbook and get instant access. In an effort to gain control of rivers and supply lines west of the. The volume describes the preparation, logistics, and the execution of the campaign. Pushing south into tennessee with assistance from flag officer andrew footes gunboats, union troops under brigadier general ulysses s. Fort donelson was a fortress built by the confederacy during the american civil war to control the cumberland river leading to the heart of tennessee, and the heart of the confederacy. Confederate forces evacuated fort henry on the tennessee river and general grant followed up with a successful assault on fort donelson, located on the cumberland river. On february 4 and 5, grant landed two divisions just north of fort henry on the tennessee river.

Tennessee was the last of the confederate states to secede from the union, choosing to do so on june 8, 1861. In less than an hour, you will meet the main participants, understand union and confederate troop movements, and learn how the victories at fort henry and fort donelson launched ulysses s. Battle of fort henry stewart county, tn february 6th 1862 ulysses s grant makes another appearance, as does the new fangled ships called ironclads. Battle of fort donelson civil war map battle fort donelson. Donelson the union army of the tennessee, commanded by major general ulysses s. Our battle of fort donelson page includes history articles, battle maps, photos, travel information, and a wealth of related material related to this important civil war battle. The fort had 12 heavy guns about 100 feet above the cumberland river, and 3 miles of trenches in a semicircle around the fort, which was more of a. Fort henry only twelve miles away was under attack. This is the 45th episode in the third season of historical controversies. Forts henry and donelson, tennessee places in history. It was a risky move, since grant had fewer troops than the force holed up at donelson. The main unit of the park, in dover, tennessee, commemorates the battle of fort donelson. The forts of henry and donelson in tennessee were captured by union forced in february 1862 under general ulysses s. Gotts book is a slightly revisionist view of the henrydonelson campaign and was a very good read.

Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the wikipedia article. Jan 30, 2011 just a personal what if, i have wondered about for some time. Grant advanced 12 miles crosscountry to invest fort donelson on the. Grant captured fort henry in tennessee and marched towards fort. Historically, grant moves up to fort donelson and takes the fort after 4 days of battle, as near as i can tell, at the end of the battle he had 24,000 me with him to the confederates 21,000. The three maps seen here are examples of maps prepared to document the history of this campaign as opposed to planning maps. Feb 15, 2012 this battle report tells the true story of the battle of fort donelson using civil war miniatures and the game command combat. The battle of fort donelson was the first major union victory in the civil war and a major victory for ulysses s. I shall take and destroy fort donelson on the 8th and return to fort henry. Early in the war, union commanders realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the western theater. Following his victory at fort henry on the tennessee river, grant marched his troops to fort donelson. Smith, a native of kentucky, escaped from his situation as an enslaved man and, once gaining protection from the union army, witnessed much of the battles of fort henry and fort donelson, and was later wounded at the battle of shiloh in april of 1862. The capture of forts henry and donelson buffalo gap.

Grant, captured the fort from the confederate army in the battle of fort. This was the first major union victory of the war, which opened up much of kentucky and tennessee to union control. Fort donelson was a much stronger work than fort henry. Confederate losses were much higher due to the surrender and numbered 327 killed, 1,127 wounded, and 12,392 captured.

Fort donelson national battlefield offers events to. Gott is the author of where the south lost the war. The losses of fort henry and fort donelson were disasters for the confederates. Grant advanced 12 miles crosscountry to invest fort donelson on the cumberland river. In spite of familiarity with the roads and creek crossings in the vicinity. New and noteworthythe battles of forts henry and donelson the battle of fort donelson. Louis, hung in the balance between slaveholding and non slaveholding. No attempt would be made to push mcclernand and smith from their camps into the river. The battle of fort henry on february 6, 1862, was the first significant union victory of the american civil war 186165.

Available on a variety of shirts, hats, mugs, bags, etc. Aug, 2015 flag officer andrew hull foote was in charge of the naval fleet at fort donelson. Feb 17, 2016 another rebel fort on the ohio also fell with little fanfare. An analysis of the fort henryfort donelson campaign, february 1862 gott, kendall d. Though the title features fort donelson, knights work offers so much more. Harding, was in and about the town of dover where they had chosen camps that commanded the area and had dug rifle pits and battery emplacements. Kendall gott talked about the civil war battle of fort donelson. He was wounded during the exchange of artillery on february 14, 1862. Smith cairo camp campaign cannon captain cavalry claimed clarksville colonel columbus command confederacy confederate cullum cumberland defense dispatches dover enemy february federal fight fire flotilla floyd foote footes force. Fort donelson by february 14, grant had his army in place and was waiting for the gunboats to attack fort donelson, flag officer foote brought his ironclads to within 400 yards of the fort before they were forced to withdraw. Battle of shiloh twoday april 67, 1862 battle in tennessee ending in union victory and 23,000 combined dead even though confederate troops under joseph e. Grants union army of the tennessee of the district of cairo consisted of three divisions. Historical map of fort henry and fort donelson the relative positions of fort henry and fort donelson.

Start studying battles of the civil war fort henry and fort donelson. Notice old home sites, cemeteries, springs, and beaver. It contains 346 pages, of which 280 are text, with the rest dedicated to two appendices, notes, bibliography, and index. Along with fort donelson on the cumberland river, fort henry bisected southern lines and guarded rich mineral. Jan 20, 2020 the battle of fort donelson cost grant 507 killed, 1,976 wounded, and 208 capturedmissing. Found also in the house miscellaneous documents of the 52d to the 56th congress. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Fort henry had been a key position in the center of a line defending tennessee, and the capture of the fort now opened the tennessee river to union troop and supply movements. With support from footes gunboats, grant captured fort donelson, opening the cumberland and tennessee rivers to union traffic and forcing the confederates to retreat and abandon their defensive line in kentucky and tennessee. In his official report from the battle, foote described the united states navy not prepared. Over the next three days, grant tightened the noose around fort donelson by.

A week after capturing fort henry on the tennessee river, union. Five books on the battle of fort donelson civil war books. He and his wife, judy, and have three children and six grandchildren. Johnston and pierre beauregard had struck first and almost pushed the union army back out of tennessee altogether. Smiths outstanding new book is far and away the best and most. The next day, a union gunboat opened fire on the fort but did minimal damage to the structure. Fort donelson confederate order of battle wikipedia. An analysis of the fort henryfort donelson campaign, february 1862 by kendall d. Fort henry, tennessee and cumberland, fort donelson, cumberland river atlas about this item. S grant and flag officer andrew foote, who surrounded the fort and captured it after a short siege. In a short time this flotilla caused the enemy to abandon and burn three steam.

Smith cairo camp campaign cannon captain cavalry claimed clarksville colonel columbus command confederacy confederate cullum cumberland defense dispatches dover enemy february federal fight fire flotilla. The battle of fort donelson was an early battle in the american civil war 18611865. This surprised many people on both sides as some thought the ironclads were unbeatable. After capturing fort henry on the tennessee river on february 6, 1862, brig. Exploring fort donelson in civil war books and games tocwoc. It was explained that union gunboats came at the fort very quickly and seized it.

Five books on the battle of fort donelson civil war. No terms but unconditional surrender, the history press, 2011isbn 9781609491291. General grant looking over the battlefield at fort donelson by. Located in tennessee, fort donelson guarded the cumberland river. The battle of fort donelson official records and battle.

Just a personal what if, i have wondered about for some time. Early in the war, the union realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the western theater. Battle of fort henry, american civil war battle along the tennessee river that helped the union regain western and middle tennessee as well as most of kentucky fort henry, situated on the tennessee river, was a linchpin in confederate general albert sidney johnstons defense lines. The battle of fort donelson, which began on february 12, took place shortly after the surrender of fort henry, tennessee, on february 6, 1862. The battle of fort donelson was fought from february 1116, 1862, in the western theater of. The study also raises the strategic stature of the fall of fort henry, an event most often sidelined in campaign evaluations in favor of the much larger, bloodier, and dramatic donelson battle and surrender that followed it. The federals had been driven back from the forge road and westward along wynns ferry road toward fort henry. Woodward, on the fort henry road, between donelson and henry, to prevent reinforcements. With the capture of fort donelson and its sister fort, henry, the north had not only won its first great victory, it had also gained a new herounconditional surrender grant, who was promoted to major general. It was the first important victory for the union and brig. Subsequent victories at shiloh, vicksburg, and chattanooga would lead to his appointment as lieutenant general and commander of all. The battle of fort henry was fought on february 6, 1862, in western middle tennessee, during the american civil war. An analysis of the fort henry fort donelson campaign, february 1862, stackpole books, 2003, isbn 0811700496. Battle of fort donelson in february 1862, general ulysses s.

Before fort henrys surrender, the confederates had withdrawn troops to fort donelson, which became grants next objective. A section of the union army under the command of the relatively unknown brigadier general ulysses s. Battle of fort donelson american civil war britannica. Henry and donelson, fought on both the tennessee and cumberland rivers, as well as on land in and around dover was the first major victory in the. An analysis of the fort henryfort donelson campaign, february 1862. Captain foote, the confederates would push the union back, opening the door for escape. Nine views of fort donelson during the civil war, when it was garrisoned by the confederacy and captured by union general ulysses s. The battle of fort donelson would take place over several days. The book is an entry in the university of nebraska press great campaigns of the civil war series of books and covers the time frame of the military campaign from fort henry to corinth, including the battle of shiloh. Battle of fort henry and the movements to fort donelson on february 4 and 5, grant landed his divisions in two different locations.

13 384 674 1213 226 193 306 688 197 421 471 1280 1503 476 317 295 826 1453 295 59 272 1297 539 1224 1385 203 733 1416 812 572 241 507 424 604 699 241 1122 1104 917 1170